The Glycemic Index and Low G.I. Recipes

How It Works

The glycemic index refers to the relative degree to which blood sugar increases after the consumption of food. A food is always measured relative to the effect of pure sugar. High glycemic index foods can raise blood glucose levels very quickly, as well as insulin levels. In contrast, low glycemic index foods do not significantly raise blood glucose levels and insulin levels after eating. Pure glucose is given a value of 100 while other foods are given an index number representing its relative effect on blood glucose levels. For example, sweet corn is assigned an index number of 55 which means sweet corn raises blood glucose levels 55 percent as much as pure glucose. In general, foods below 55 are considered low glycemic index foods, 55-70 represents mid-glycemic index foods and over 70 are considered high glycemic foods. In the past, it was widely believed that simple sugars dramatically increased blood glucose levels while starches such as potatoes and bread were digested slowly. The results from numerous studies show this is definitely not the case. In fact, one of the biggest surprises comes from potatoes, which reported an average index of 84, making it one of the higher glycemic foods available. Here's a look at how a high, mid and low glycemic value food can alter one's blood glucose response.

How it Works

Low G.I. Foods

Low G.I. Recipes

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